pertemuan ke-1

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pertemuan ke-1

Post by Yorsi Nuzulia on Tue Jul 21, 2009 5:31 pm

jangan lupa untuk register terlebih dahulu. kemudian menjawab pertanyaan berikut ini dengan cara klik "postreply" (bukan klik newtopic!)
" apa kata pertama yang muncul dalam pikiranmu ketika mendengar kata geografi? mengapa?

minimal 15 kalimat maksimal 20 kalimat. postingan paling lambat 5 hari setelah kelas berlangsung! semua jawaban harus jawaban sendiri. Semangat!

bagi yang menjawab pertanyaan dengan bahasa inggris akan mendapat nilai +2

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tugas geografi

Post by wildhan hafid aghani X-D on Fri Jul 31, 2009 4:06 pm

THE TASK OF GEOGRAPHY



Geography is knowledge about the location as well as the equality and the difference (the variation) keruangan on the physical phenomenon and humankind on the surface of the earth, geography words came from Greek that is g (the "earth ") and graphein ( "wrote, or explained ").
Geography also is the name of the title of the historic book in this subject, that is famous, the name of the element of geography, or is shorten “nama geografik” (geographical names) is mention “toponim”. literally significant “nama tempat” (place names). the name of the place must not be interpret by the name of the settlement (the name of the residence), but the name of the element of available geography in a place (the area), like the river, the hill, the mountain, the island, the cape, etc., these elements are known widely as the element “topografi” (the physical features ounce an the area of land, such the USA rivers, mountains, islands, a the USA, etc in oxford advances learner’s dictionary 2000). settling humankind the first time in a territory definitely gave the name to elements geografik
In his environment, the name is given is bas on what is seen by him, sepertidalah geographia the article klaudios ptolemaios (the second age).
Geography more than only a cartography, the study about the map, geography did not only answer what and where on the surface of the earth, but also why there and not in the other place, sometimes is interpret with the "location to space. " "Geography studi this, good that is caus by nature or humankind, also studi resulting from that is caus from the difference that happen that. "
Knowledge that studi the surface of the earth in accordance with his reference, or the study about areas that is in the surface of the earth, in the understanding of his characteristics, defenisi other: science about places (places) that really concentrat himself in the quality and the potential of a country.
Trees or the fruit that are dominant in this territory, the example: the rambutan village, the island of bananas, the stiff island, etc., or the animal that is encounter or occupied, like the island of the goat, the island menjangan, the island of the dove, the island of birds, etc..


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TUGAS GEOGRAFI

Post by deddy bouraqta X-D on Fri Jul 31, 2009 4:27 pm

THE MEANING OF GEOGRAPHY


Just as humankind is born in the earth, first property is given by his parents is “nama diri” (antroponim), because by the name of this began to wake up a communications network between parents with his child along masa. second property that adher in antroponim is “tempat is born (toponim). the two names, that is the proper name and the birthplace will adhere continu to each individual and di and is us for the identity himself, good in the residency card, sim, the passport and all identity proof himself other, including in his gravestone stone the person said we could lose any, property, etc., but not the proper name and the birthplace.
Just as humankind liv in a territory before the earth, then humankind also gave the name to all the elements of geography, like the name for the river, the hill, the mountain, the valley, the island, the gulf, sea, the strait, etc., that is in his territory or that is seen from his territory, moreover humankind gave the name to the area that is occupi by him, like the name of the settlement (like the name real estat), the name of the village, the name of the village, the name huta or the name nagari, etc. to the names of the city, the aim of giving the name to the element of geography is for the identification or the reference and as interpersonal communication means manusia. therefore the names of the element of geography really are relat to the history of the settlement of humankind.
The name of the element of geography, or is shorten “nama geografik” (geographical names) is mention “toponim”. literally significant “nama tempat” (place names). the name of the place must not be interpret by the name of the settlement (the name of the residence), but the name of the element of available geography in a place (the area), like the river, the hill, the mountain, the island, the cape, etc., these elements are known widely as the element “topografi” (the physical features ounce an the area of land, such the USA rivers, mountains, islands, a the USA, etc in oxford advances learner’s dictionary 2000). settling humankind the first time in a territory definitely gave the name to elements geografik in his environment.
In other words, the names of the element of geography not merely the name, but after this name is the history that is long from the settlement of humankind (a long history of human settlement). in survey the names of the island had the name of the island lencang in the Thousand Islands and the island siulung in the Riau island that all came from the ancestors 's legend of the ethnic group bugis in the past, this depict how the ethnic group bugis as the seaman 's ethnic group cross the ocean and left the legend for the names of the island where they were, from the names geografik this could be trac by the trip that is long from this ethnic group.

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by X-DRiyogo dhimesworo Hadi on Fri Jul 31, 2009 7:25 pm

geography is a knowlodge about a surface earth appropriate with that reference or a knowlodge about area who where in the surface earth . some in different source tell geography is :
Synthesizing discipline to connect the general with the special through measurement, mapping, and a regional emphasis." - Alexander von Humboldt, 1845

"Man in society and local variations in environment." - Halford Mackinder, 1887

"How environment apparently controls human behavior." - Ellen Semple, c. 1911

"Study of human ecology; adjustment of man to natural surroundings." - Harland Barrows, 1923

"The science concerned with the formulation of the laws governing the spatial distribution of certain features on the surface of the earth." - Fred Schaefer, 1953

"To provide accurate, orderly, and rational description and interpretation of the variable character of the earth surface." - Richard Hartshorne, 1959

"Geography is both science and art" - H.C. Darby, 1962

"To understand the earth as the world of man" - J.O.M. Broek, 1965

"Geography is fundamentally the regional or chorological science of the surface of the earth." - Robert E. Dickinson, 1969

"Study of variations in phenomena from place to place." - Holt-Jensen, 1980

"...concerned with the locational or spatial variation in both physical and human phenomena at the earth's surface" - Martin Kenzer, 1989

"Geography is the study of earth as the home of people" - Yi-Fu Tuan, 1991

"Geography is the study of the patterns and processes of human (built) and environmental (natural) landscapes, where landscapes comprise real (objective) and perceived (subjective) space." - Gregg Wassmansdorf, 1995 .
its all about who can i answer , thank you .

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GEOGRAPHY

Post by X-D -Andrea Adyajati Kira on Fri Jul 31, 2009 8:48 pm

First word in my brain if i heard geography is earth.
Because in geography i learn about earth and it's lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena. We learn geography to understand the world - its human and physical features - through an understanding of place and location. Geographers study where things are and how they got there. Geography looks at the spatial connection between people, places, and the earth.
There are four traditions of geography were originally espoused by geographer William D. Pattison at the opening session of the annual convention of the National Council for Geographic Education, Columbus, Ohio, November 29, 1963. His four traditions attempted to define the discipline:
1) spatial tradition
2) area studies tradition
3) man-land tradition
4) earth science tradition. Below are the traditions along with some core concepts of each.
Branch of geography that studies the regions of all sizes across the Earth is a regional geography.
The main aim is to understand or define the uniqueness or character of a particular region which consists of natural as well as human elements. Attention is paid also to regionalization which covers the proper techniques of space delimitation into regions.
Regional geography is also considered as a certain approach to study in geographical sciences (similar to quantitative or critical geographies, for more information see History of geography).
About modern geography. It is an all-encompassing discipline that foremost seeks to understand the Earth and all of its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. geography is divided into two main branches—human geography and physical geography. Geography is divided into two main branches—human geography and physical geography.

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by xd maria vita asri pranan on Sat Aug 01, 2009 1:02 pm

first i hear about geography is earth.
because this kind of geography is not about countries and gross domestic products. Physical geography is all about the Earth and the things that happen on Earth. Humans are only one part of the overall equation.

Physical Geography comprises the study of natural patterns and processes at the Earth's surface, as well as the interactions between people and their environment, and is a sub-field of the discipline of Geography. Geography itself can be sub-divided into two main areas of inquiry - Physical Geography and Human Geography. While physical geographers investigate natural patterns and processes.

The four spheres of Physical Geography include the Lithosphere, the Atmosphere, the Hydrosphere, and the Biosphere. The Lithosphere is the 'rock' sphere and comprises the solid and broken rock that has been sculpted into landforms near the Earth's surface, as well as the thin layer of soil covering the surface. The Hydrosphere is the 'water' sphere and includes water in all of its forms (liquid, solid, and gas). The Atmosphere is the 'air' sphere, a gaseous envelope that encircles the Earth and serves as a reservoir for heat and moisture; it is a complex mixture of gases including nitrogen, oxygen, argon, carbon dioxide, water vapor, and ozone. The Biosphere is the 'life' sphere and includes all life forms and all areas at/near Earth's surface that are capable of sustaining life.

Physical Geography itself can be divided into five main sub-fields: climatology, geomorphology, pedology, biogeography, and hydrology. 'Weather' refers to the day-to-day variations in factors such as temperature, precipitation, wind, and humidity, while 'climate' refers to the long-term average values of these factors. Climatologists study the patterns of climate, the development of different climates and the effects of climate on life. 'Morphology' is the study of form and structure, thus geomorphologists investigate the distribution of Earth's surface landforms and the processes that generate them. Pedologists study the distribution of soil types, their physical and chemical properties, and the processes of soil formation. A biogeographer examines the distribution of plant and animal life forms and the processes that produce those distributions. Finally, a hydrologist studies the occurrence and distribution of water in all its forms (e.g., rivers, lakes, oceans, glaciers, clouds, springs, and groundwater).

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by Xd yudan harry sandika on Sat Aug 01, 2009 1:25 pm

first time hear about geografy,
,i think geografy is study about world, and inside it example: mountain,land,jungle,ocean,earth,atlas,tree,benua,lipatan, atmosfer,biosfer,troposfer,ozon,global warming, glass house effect,
Why ????
Because geografy learn about earth.
Very Happy Very Happy Very Happy
Iam confused To lol! Question Question


Terakhir diubah oleh Xd yudan harry sandika tanggal Wed Aug 05, 2009 12:49 pm, total 1 kali diubah

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by xd Agni Miranti on Sat Aug 01, 2009 1:50 pm

THIS IS MY ANSWER
first word in my brain where listened about geography is earth. because geography is study about earth and becase geography is science that studies aboutstructure of earth, for example about lithoisphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and shape of earth's surface. and about people or demographic and social. and then geography is science that studies geospheric similarities and differences and the interaction between humans an their environment point of view in spatial and regional contexts.

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xd-Orchita Ave

Post by xd-Orchita Ave on Sat Aug 01, 2009 2:31 pm

TENTANG GEOGRAFI

Saat pertama kali mendengar kata geografi pikiranku langsung melayang pada sesuatu. Aku jadi teringat pelajaran-pelajaran waktu SMP dan SD. Aku ingat guruku dan juga kenangan-kenangan tentang apa yang terjadi di bumi ini. Seperti peristiwa 27 Mei 2006 yang lalu. Geografi kadang mengingatkanku pada perisiwa itu. Bagiku geografi itu adalah ilmu yang mempelajari bermacam-macam tentang bumi. Seperti bentuk muka bumi,atmosfer dan geosfer,bagian-bagian laut,lapisan tanah,dan masih banyak. Aku teringat tentang tenaga endogen dan eksogen,lipatan dan rapatan,gunung,delta,laut. Sedikit penjelasanku tentang gempa,gempa terdiri dari gempa tektonik,runtuhan,terban. Gempa tektonik adalah gempa yang terjadi karena adanya pengaruh dari dalam bumi. Gempa runtuhan terjdi karena pengaruh runtuhnya suatu bangunan. Gempa terban terjadi karena adanya pengaruh dari manusia. Gunung ternyata bentuknya bermacam-macam,ada gunung perisai,tameng,corong. Pernahkah kita mengingat kalau ternyata atmosfer terdiri dari berbagai lapisan. Lapisan itu adalah troposfer,mesosfer,termosfer,stratosfer. Didalam termosfer terdapat lapisan ionosfer,yang berguna dalam pemancaran gelombang radio. Itulah sebagian kecil ingatanku tentang geografi. Untuk itu aku masih ingin belajar lebih banyak agar aku dapat tahu lebih banyak. Terimakasih.
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geografi

Post by x-D rizki T.V on Sat Aug 01, 2009 2:44 pm

assalamu'alikum Wr.Wb
Definition of Geography.
There are many definitions Geography according to the experts and the results of discussions. Geography following definition that I collect to fulfill the task of Geography.
Claudius Ptolomaeus say that geography is a continuous map of the part and the whole surface of the earth. So Claudius Ptolomaeus to the map to provide information on the surface of the earth in general. Collection of maps from Claudius Ptolomaeus dibukukan, given the name 'Atlas Ptolomaeus'.
Object study geography is the group of men and organizations in the face of the earth. This definition raised by Maurice Le Lannou (1959). He revealed in his book entitled La Geographie Humaine.
From the results of the semlok (seminars and workshops) in Semarang in 1988. Geography is the science of studying the differences and similarities with the phenomenon geosfer perspective kewilayahan and kelingkungan in the context keruangan. According to experts geography Indonesia joined the Association in Indonesia Geograf (igi) through a national seminar and workshop in Semarang, has agreed on the object of study geography. According igi object is geography: the material object (or target is examined in the study of geography. The object of study is geography layers or earth precisely geosfer phenomenon) and the formal object (bersangkut-connected with the study, the geographic object formal bersangkut-connected with problem-solving way. So the object is a formal method or approach used in analyzing a problem
Object study geography is the group of men and organizations in the face of the earth. This definition raised by Maurice Le Lannou (1959). He revealed in his book entitled La Geographie Humaine.
Karl Ritther, geography is a study of the earth as a place to stay human
According to Eratosthenes goegrafi means that the knowledge that characterize and reflect on the earth
According to Ptolemeus geography is a serving of some or all of the surface of the earth.
Preston E. James argues that, "Geography can be expressed as the parent of all knowledge," because many areas of science are always seen from the earth to move in the respective studies.

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by XD Harsiwi Nur Hidayati on Sat Aug 01, 2009 2:45 pm

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A. Pengertian Geografi
Istilah geografi untuk pertama kalinya diperkenalkan oleh Erastothenes pada abad ke 1. Menurut Erastothenes geografi berasal dari kata geographica yang berarti penulisan atau penggambaran mengenai bumi. Berdasarkan pendapat tersebut, maka para ahli geografi (geograf) sependapat bahwa Erastothenes dianggap sebagai peletak dasar pengetahuan geografi.

Pada awal abad ke-2, muncul tokoh baru yaitu Claudius Ptolomaeus mengatakan bahwa geografi adalah suatu penyajian melalui peta dari sebagian dan seluruh permukaan bumi. Jadi Claudius Ptolomaeus mementingkan peta untuk memberikan informasi tentang permukaan bumi secara umum. Kumpulan dari peta Claudius Ptolomaeus dibukukan, diberi nama ‘Atlas Ptolomaeus’.

Menjelang akhir abad ke-18, perkembangan geografi semakin pesat. Pada masa ini berkembang aliran fisis determinis dengan tokohnya yaitu seorang geograf terkenal dari USA yaitu Ellsworth Hunthington. Di Perancis faham posibilis terkenal dengan tokoh geografnya yaitu Paul Vidal de la Blache, sumbangannya yang terkenal adalah “Gen re de vie”. Perbedaan kedua faham tersebut, kalau fisis determinis memandang manusia sebagai figur yang pasif sehingga hidupnya dipengaruhi oleh alam sekitarnya. Sedangkan posibilisme memandang manusia sebagai makhluk yang aktif, yang dapat membudidayakan alam untuk menunjang hidupnya.


Setiap manusia memiliki pendapat masing-masing tentang berbagai hal dalam kehidupannya. Demikian pula dengan definisi atau pengertian geografi. Berikut ini disajikan beberapa definisi yang akan saling melengkapi dan dengan demikian diharapkan dapat menyingkap inti masalah atau pokok kajian geografi.

Definisi 1: Preston e James berpendapat bahwa, “Geografi dapat diungkapkan sebagai induk dari segala ilmu pengetahuan” karena banyak bidang ilmu pengetahuan selalu mulai dari keadaan muka bumi untuk beralih pada studinya masing-masing.
Definisi 2: “Geografi adalah interaksi antar ruang”. Definisi ini dikemukakan oleh Ullman (1954), dalam bukunya yang berjudul Geography a Spatial Interaction.
Definisi 3: Objek study geografi adalah kelompok manusia dan organisasinya di muka bumi. Definisi ini dikemukakan oleh Maurice Le Lannou (1959). Ia mengemukakan dalam bukunya yang berjudul La Geographie Humaine.
Definisi 4: Paul Claval (1976) berpendapat bahwa ‘Geografi selalu ingin menjelaskan gejala gejala dari segi hubungan keruangan’.
Definisi 5: Suatu definisi yang lain adalah hasil semlok (seminar dan lokakarya) di Semarang tahun 1988. Geografi adalah ilmu yang mempelajari persamaan dan perbedaan fenomena geosfer dengan sudut pandang kewilayahan dan kelingkungan dalam konteks keruangan.

Kalau kita perhatikan beberapa definisi/pengertian dan sejarah perkembangan dari geografi tersebut, ternyata pengertian geografi selalu mengalami perkembangan. Namun kalau kita kaji lebih jauh, di antara pandangan para ahli tersebut tampak ada kesamaan titik pandang. Kesamaan titik pandang tersebut adalah mengkaji:
1. bumi sebagai tempat tinggal;
2. hubungan manusia dengan lingkungannya (interaksi);
3. dimensi ruang dan dimensi historis; dan
4. pendekatannya, spasial (keruangan), ekologi (kelingkungan) dan regional (kewilayahan).



Kerjakan tugas berikut dengan santai, serius, selesai dan sukses (ingat 4-S)!


Dari beberapa definisi yang telah dijelaskan, cobalah Anda rumuskan definisi geografi menurut pendapat Anda. Tuliskan jawaban Anda pada titik-titik di bawah ini!

……………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………….………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………….………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………….………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………….………………………..

Jawaban Anda tentang definisi geografi sebaiknya mengandung aspek-aspek, antara lain:
- spatial (keruangan)
- regional (kewilayahan)
- ekologi (lingkungan)
- temporal (waktu)



Setelah Anda menjawab tugas/latihan pada tabel di atas, mari kita lanjutkan ke materi berikutnya tentang objek studi geografi. Selamat mempelajari.


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Pengertian Geografi | Objek Studi Geografi

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by purba jati arum s XD on Sat Aug 01, 2009 2:50 pm

I will answer questions from above.

when I hear the word geography i rember about earth. I have a reason why I imagine the earth. why i rember earth because geography is derived from a combination of two words and geo graphic. geo in latin means the earth and the graphics are. or from a book that i have read, according to geography experts geografica. geografica sense of itself is a depiction of the word.the meaning earlier disclosed by Erastothenes. many still do more people describes the geography. only audius Ptolomaeus say that geography is a continuous map of the part and the whole surface of the earth. earlier findings about the map now in the name atlas. understanding the development of the geography. However, if we further knowledge, the view among the experts appear to have similarities point perspective. Point of similarity is the view:


1. earth as a place to live;
2. human relationship with their environment (interaction);
3. dimensional space, and historical dimensions, and
4. approach, spatial (keruangan), ecology (kelingkungan) and regional (kewilayahan). for example, learn geography with the only we can know the climate - a climate in every country on earth.

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by XD Harsiwi Nur Hidayati on Sat Aug 01, 2009 2:56 pm

geography
geography about earth. like math. geography from IPS( ILMU PENGETAHUAN SOSIAL: GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, ECONOMY).
geography found Erathotenes in century of 1. he say geography from GEOGRAPHYCA. means write or descriptive or earth.
in century of 2. Claudius ptolemaeus say gegraphy is face of earth of map. called atlas geography.
century of 18 ellsworth huntington say geography 2. determinis and possibilis. in prancis posibilis called gen re de vie. determinis: human pasif. pocibilis: human aktif. geograf: preston e james, ullman, maurice le lannou, paul claval.
geography:
1. human live in earth
2.interaction
3. dimention history
4. spasial. ekologi. regional

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by mahdiyah D.R XD on Sat Aug 01, 2009 3:04 pm

My name is mahdiyah dastiara rosydi.please read my answer
I think the structure of the earth. Geography is the science of the earth. Because of geography related to the structure of the earth. Structure of the earth surface of the earth.
eography for the first time introduced by the Erastothenes century to 1. According Erastothenes geography comes from the word geographica that means writing or drawing on the earth. Based on the opinions, the experts geography (geograf) concur that Erastothenes regarded as peletak basic geography knowledge.

At the beginning of the century-2, new figures show that Claudius Ptolomaeus say that geography is a continuous map of the part and the whole surface of the earth. So Claudius Ptolomaeus to the map to provide information on the surface of the earth in general. The set of Claudius Ptolomaeus dibukukan map, given the name 'Atlas Ptolomaeus'.

Towards the end of the century to 18, the more rapid development of the geography. During this growing flow of fisis determinis with tokohnya namely a famous geograf from the USA Hunthington Ellsworth. Posibilis understood in France with the famous figures that geografnya Paul Vidal de la Blache, the famous contributions is the "Gen re de vie". Second difference is understood, if fisis determinis man looked as a passive figure, so his life is influenced by its surrounding environment. While posibilisme regard as human beings are active, which can be natural membudidayakan to support life.

Every human has their opinion about various things in their lives. Similarly, the definition or understanding of geography. Here are some definitions that will complement each other and thereby expected to unveil the core issues or the study of basic geography.
Definition 1: Preston James argued that the e, "Geography can be expressed as the parent of all knowledge," because many areas of science are always seen from the earth to move in the respective studies.
Definition 2: "Geography is the interaction between space." This definition raised by Ullman (1954), in his book entitled Geography a Spatial Interaction.
Definition 3: Object study geography is the group of men and organizations in the face of the earth. This definition raised by Maurice Le Lannou (1959). He revealed in his book entitled La Geographie Humaine.
Definition 4: Paul Claval (1976) argues that 'Geography always want to explain symptoms in terms of symptoms keruangan relationship'.
Definition 5: A definition is the result of the other semlok (seminars and workshops) in Semarang in 1988. Geography is the science of studying the differences and similarities with the phenomenon geosfer perspective kewilayahan and kelingkungan in the context keruangan.

If we look at some definitions / understanding of the history and development of geography, the geography was not always experienced growth. However, if we further knowledge, the view among the experts appear to have similarities point perspective. Point of similarity is the view:


1. earth as a place to live;
2. human relationship with their environment (interaction);
3. dimensional space, and historical dimensions, and
4. approach, spatial (keruangan), ecology (kelingkungan) and regional (kewilayahan).

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answer me fajar sugiarto x-d/ 13

Post by fajar sugiarto on Sat Aug 01, 2009 6:17 pm

first I hear about geography that is gegraphy exist two word that is geo and grafi. That is meaning geo = earth, grafi= grafik that meaning flarning. So geography ia science that learn about flarning earth surface. Geography also contain about face earth. Example: litosfer,hidrosfer,atmosfer,earth surface and especially about demographic, and social. Geography also contain many knowledge, for example : science about see, vulcano, earthquake, tsunami, etc. Be sides geography give many knowledge for me.After I learn geography I more know about indication in earth surface. Example I know about indication of hurricane, becauase I know for KR Jogja that contain about indication of hurricane. Be sides geography also contain about science social that give me many science that benefit in my live. After I learn about geography I can know about many things that sub of earth for example : mountain, lake, sea, rocky, desert, river, plato, etc. Favor I learn about geography science I can know about earth surface. Now geography science also benefit about people in the world. Geography science also contain benefit. Badan Meterologi dan Gofisika in Indonesia absorb geography science to inform people in Indonesia about flarning weather. Be sides geography science benefit for many mass media. But now sience for geography that learn about demographyc and social done learn in Sosiology science. But I belive that geography give me many knowledge that benefit for me.

Thanks

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TUGAS GEOGRAFI

Post by Pandhu cahya XD on Sat Aug 01, 2009 9:45 pm

Yang saya pikirkan ketika mendengar kata geografi adalah?
Yan Istilah geografi untuk pertama kalinya diperkenalkan oleh Erastothenes pada abad ke 1. Menurut Erastothenes geografi berasal dari kata geographica yang berarti penulisan atau penggambaran mengenai bumi. Berdasarkan pendapat tersebut, maka para ahli geografi (geograf) sependapat bahwa Erastothenes dianggap sebagai peletak dasar pengetahuan geografi.

Pada awal abad ke-2, muncul tokoh baru yaitu Claudius Ptolomaeus mengatakan bahwa geografi adalah suatu penyajian melalui peta dari sebagian dan seluruh permukaan bumi. Jadi Claudius Ptolomaeus mementingkan peta untuk memberikan informasi tentang permukaan bumi secara umum. Kumpulan dari peta Claudius Ptolomaeus dibukukan, diberi nama ‘Atlas Ptolomaeus’.
Menjelang akhir abad ke-18, perkembangan geografi semakin pesat. Pada masa ini berkembang aliran fisis determinis dengan tokohnya yaitu seorang geograf terkenal dari USA yaitu Ellsworth Hunthington. Di Perancis faham posibilis terkenal dengan tokoh geografnya yaitu Paul Vidal de la Blache, sumbangannya yang terkenal adalah “Gen re de vie”. Perbedaan kedua faham tersebut, kalau fisis determinis memandang manusia sebagai figur yang pasif sehingga hidupnya dipengaruhi oleh alam sekitarnya. Sedangkan posibilisme memandang manusia sebagai makhluk yang aktif, yang dapat membudidayakan alam untuk menunjang hidupnya.

Setiap manusia memiliki pendapat masing-masing tentang berbagai hal dalam kehidupannya. Demikian pula dengan definisi atau pengertian geografi. Berikut ini disajikan beberapa definisi yang akan saling melengkapi dan dengan demikian diharapkan dapat menyingkap inti masalah atau pokok kajian geografi.
Definisi 1: Preston e James berpendapat bahwa, “Geografi dapat diungkapkan sebagai induk dari segala ilmu pengetahuan” karena banyak bidang ilmu pengetahuan selalu mulai dari keadaan muka bumi untuk beralih pada studinya masing-masing.
Definisi 2: “Geografi adalah interaksi antar ruang”. Definisi ini dikemukakan oleh Ullman (1954), dalam bukunya yang berjudul Geography a Spatial Interaction.
Definisi 3: Objek study geografi adalah kelompok manusia dan organisasinya di muka bumi. Definisi ini dikemukakan oleh Maurice Le Lannou (1959). Ia mengemukakan dalam bukunya yang berjudul La Geographie Humaine.
Definisi 4: Paul Claval (1976) berpendapat bahwa ‘Geografi selalu ingin menjelaskan gejala gejala dari segi hubungan keruangan’.
Definisi 5: Suatu definisi yang lain adalah hasil semlok (seminar dan lokakarya) di Semarang tahun 1988. Geografi adalah ilmu yang mempelajari persamaan dan perbedaan fenomena geosfer dengan sudut pandang kewilayahan dan kelingkungan dalam konteks keruangan.
Kalau kita perhatikan beberapa definisi/pengertian dan sejarah perkembangan dari geografi tersebut, ternyata pengertian geografi selalu mengalami perkembangan. Namun kalau kita kaji lebih jauh, di antara pandangan para ahli tersebut tampak ada kesamaan titik pandang. Kesamaan titik pandang tersebut adalah mengkaji:

1. bumi sebagai tempat tinggal;
2. hubungan manusia dengan lingkungannya (interaksi);
3. dimensi ruang dan dimensi historis; dan
4. pendekatannya, spasial (keruangan), ekologi (kelingkungan) dan regional (kewilayahan).

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by sesilih panuntun jati xd on Sun Aug 02, 2009 2:12 pm

Geography is the study of the Earth and its lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena.A literal translation would be "to describe or write about the Earth".

The first person to use the word "geography" was Eratosthenes. Four historical traditions in geographical research are the spatial analysis of natural and human phenomena (geography as a study of distribution), area studies (places and regions), study of man-land relationship, and research in earth sciences.Nonetheless, modern geography is an all-encompassing discipline that foremost seeks to understand the Earth and all of its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. As "the bridge between the human and physical sciences," geography is divided into two main branches—human geography and physical geography.

Pada awal abad ke-2, muncul tokoh baru yaitu Claudius Ptolomaeus mengatakan bahwa geografi adalah suatu penyajian melalui peta dari sebagian dan seluruh permukaan bumi. Jadi Claudius Ptolomaeus mementingkan peta untuk memberikan informasi tentang permukaan bumi secara umum. Kumpulan dari peta Claudius Ptolomaeus dibukukan, diberi nama 'Atlas Ptolomaeus'.javascript:emoticonp('Wink')
javascript:emoticonp('Very Happy')

Setiap orang memiliki pendapat masing-masing tentang berbagai hal dalam kehidupannya. Demikian pula dengan definisi atau pengertian geografi. Berikut ini disajikan beberapa definisi yang akan saling melengkapi dan dengan demikian diharapkan dapat menyingkap inti masalah atau pokok kajian geografi.

Definisi 1: Preston e James berpendapat bahwa, “Geografi dapat diungkapkan sebagai induk dari segala ilmu pengetahuan” karena banyak bidang ilmu pengetahuan selalu mulai dari keadaan muka bumi untuk beralih pada studinya masing-masing.
Definisi 2: “Geografi adalah interaksi antar ruang”. Definisi ini dikemukakan oleh Ullman (1954), dalam bukunya yang berjudul Geography a Spatial Interaction.
Definisi 3: Objek study geografi adalah kelompok manusia dan organisasinya di muka bumi. Definisi ini dikemukakan oleh Maurice Le Lannou (1959). Ia mengemukakan dalam bukunya yang berjudul La Geographie Humaine.
Definisi 4: Paul Claval (1976) berpendapat bahwa ‘Geografi selalu ingin menjelaskan gejala gejala dari segi hubungan keruangan’.
Definisi 5: Suatu definisi yang lain adalah hasil semlok (seminar dan lokakarya) di Semarang tahun 1988. Geografi adalah ilmu yang mempelajari persamaan dan perbedaan fenomena geosfer dengan sudut pandang kewilayahan dan kelingkungan dalam konteks keruangan.

jika kita perhatikan beberapa definisi/pengertian dan sejarah perkembangan dari geografi tersebut, ternyata pengertian geografi selalu mengalami perkembangan. Namun kalau kita kaji lebih jauh, di antara pandangan para ahli tersebut tampak ada kesamaan titik pandang. Kesamaan titik pandang tersebut adalah mengkaji:
1. bumi sebagai tempat tinggal;
2. hubungan manusia dengan lingkungannya (interaksi);
3. dimensi ruang dan dimensi historis; dan
4. pendekatannya, spasial (keruangan), ekologi (kelingkungan) dan regional (kewilayahan).

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GEOGRAPHY????

Post by XD Tyastiana Arbianisa on Mon Aug 03, 2009 6:00 pm

While I hear about GEOGRAPHY, I just think about the Earth with its contains. The words "Geography" comes from Greek's Language. 'Geo' or 'ge' means the earth, and 'graphy' or 'graphein' means writing and describing. So, geography means the description of the earth. In a complete description, Geography is science of the Earth's surface, which describes and analyzes the spatial variations in physical, biological, and human phenomena that occur on the surface of the globe and treats their interrelationships and their significant regional patterns.There's a strong relationship between geography and geology, botany, economy, sociology demography. From that description, we know that geography is a complex study.


Geography is divided into two main branches—human geography and physical geography. Geography is the study of physical and human landscapes, the processes that affect them, how and why they change over time, and how and why they vary spatially. Physical geographers may study landforms (geomorphology), water (hydrology), climate and meteorology (climatology), the biotic environment (biogeography), or soils (pedology). Human geographers include urban, regional, and environmental planners; cultural geographers; regional and area specialists; economic geographers; political geographers; transportation analysts; location analysts; and specialists in the spatial nature of ethnic or gender issues.

Many geographers are involved with the development of techniques and applications that support spatial analytical studies or the display of spatial information and data. Maps, whether printed, digital, or conceptual, are the basic tools of geography.

that's all ... I just can describe a little bit ... thanx for you attention ...

Regards,

tongue

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by xD Rino Surya W on Thu Aug 06, 2009 6:53 pm

geografy adalah ilmu yang mempelajari tentang alam, bumi, dan lain lain. yang aku pikirkan saat aku mendengarkan kata geografi adalah tanah. karena tanah adalah salah satu unsur terpenting dari bumi selain air. berdasarkan pembelajaran juga, ketika saya kelas 7 smp, pernah diajarkan tentang struktur tanah. aku masih ingat salah satu contohnya yaitu tanah humus. tanah humus hanyalah contoh yang sederhana, contoh lain bisa dicari di buku atau internet. selain itu manusia juga menginjakan kaki di tanah. tanah juga sering digunakan eksperiman oleh para ilmuan. tanah juga dapat membantu, contohnya alat pendeteksi gempa bisa diletakan ditanah. gejala gejala alam juga sering timbul dari tanah, contohnya tanah longsor, gempa bumi dan lain lain. gejala gejala inilah yang sering diteliti oleh para ilmuan. seperti yang miss yorsi katakan geografi juga mempelajari gejala gejala alam yang terjadi di bumi. gejala yang membuat para ilmuan bertanya tanya kenapa hal itu bisa terjadi. dan dari itulah juga ilmu geografi muncul. saya pikir hanya itu miss mungkin bila ada yang lain nanti menyusul.

miss aku yang mengirim sabtu tapi g da nie aku ngirim lagi. semoga nilai ku baik ya miss oke....oke....oke

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by X-D Arya Bagus Pratama on Fri Aug 07, 2009 2:45 pm

That is thought about by me when hearing geography words being?
Yan the geography term for the first time is introduc by erastothenes in the age to 1. According to erastothenes geography came from words geographica that meant the writing or the drafting about the earth, is bas on this opinion, then the geography experts (geograf) is of the same opinion that erastothenes it is consider as peletak the foundation of geography knowledge.
At the beginning of the 2nd age, emerg the new leading figure that is claudius ptolomaeus said that geography is a presentation through the map from some and all the surface of the earth, so claudius ptolomaeus consider the map important to give information about the surface of the earth generally, the collection from the map claudius ptolomaeus is enter in a book, is given by the name ‘atlas ptolomaeus’. Gaz at the 18th age end, the development of geography is increasingly fast, in this period developing the physical current the determinist with his leading figure that is a person geograf famous from the USA that is ellsworth hunthington, in France understood posibilis famous with the leading figure geograf him that is Paul vidal de La blache, his contribution that is famous is “gen re de vie”. The difference of the two understandings, if physical the determinist gaz at humankind as the passive figure so as his life is influenc by surrounding nature, whereas posibilisme gaz at humankind as the active creature, who could cultivate nature to support his life.
Each kind of humankind had their respective opinion about various matters in his life, likewise with the definition or the understanding of geography, along with this is present by several definitions that will complement each other and therefore is expect to be able to open the core of the problem or the subject of the study geografi.
The definition 1: Preston e James believe that, “geografi could be reveal as the mother from all knowledge pengetahuan” because of many science fields always beginning with the surface of the earth situation to change in his study masing-masing.
The definition 2: “Geografi is the interaction between ruang”. This definition it is propos by ullman (1954), in his book that be entitl geography a spatial interaction.
The definition 3: The object study geography is the human group and his organisation before the earth, this definition is rais by Maurice le lannou (1959). He suggest in his book that be entitl La geographie humaine.
The definition 4: Paul claval (1976) believe that ‘geografi always want to explain the sign of the sign from the aspect of relations keruangan’.
The definition 5: An other definition is results semlok (the seminar and the workshop) in Semarang the year 1988. Geography are knowledge that studi the equality and the difference of the phenomenon geosfer with the point of view kewilayahan and kelingkungan in the context keruangan. If being paid attention to by us several definisipengertian and the history of the development from this geography, evidently the understanding of geography always experienc the development, but if being studi by us more far, among the view of these experts appearance had the similarity of the look point, the similarity of this look point is studied:
1. earths as the residence
2. human relations with his environment (the interaction)
3. The dimension of space and the historic dimension,and
4. The approach is, spatial, the ecology and regional.

I'm sorry ser ,,, i late did this task.........

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TUGAS GEOGRAFI 1

Post by deddy bouraqta X-D on Sun Aug 09, 2009 10:50 pm

TUGAS GEOGRAFI 1 (REMIDI YANG KEMARIN)

Kata pertama yang muncul ketika mendengar kata geografi yaitu :
Ilmu yang mempelajari tentang bumi. Ilmu yang mempelajari tentang kenempakan bentuk - bentuk bumi. Ilmu yang mempelajari tentang pembagian letak geografis daerah. Ilmu yang mempelajari tentang kedinamikaan penduduk. Ilmu yang mempelajari tentang sungai, hutan, danau...dan lain - lain.

Udah miss....udah mentok ini saya mikirnya........Addouh......

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by xd raden rama widya karti on Sat Aug 15, 2009 12:35 pm

my answer about the question

Geography is knowledge about the location as well as the equality and the difference (the variation) keruangan on the physical phenomenon and humankind on the surface of the earth, geography words came from Greek that is g (the "earth ") and graphein ( "wrote, or explained ").
Geography also is the name of the title of the historic book in this subject, that is famous, the name of the element of geography, or is shorten “nama geografik” (geographical names) is mention “toponim”. literally significant “nama tempat” (place names). the name of the place must not be interpret by the name of the settlement (the name of the residence), but the name of the element of available geography in a place (the area), like the river, the hill, the mountain, the island, the cape, etc., these elements are known widely as the element “topografi” (the physical features ounce an the area of land, such the USA rivers, mountains, islands, a the USA, etc in oxford advances learner’s dictionary 2000). settling humankind the first time in a territory definitely gave the name to elements geografik
In his environment, the name is given is bas on what is seen by him, sepertidalah geographia the article klaudios ptolemaios (the second age).
Geography more than only a cartography, the study about the map, geography did not only answer what and where on the surface of the earth, but also why there and not in the other place, sometimes is interpret with the "location to space. " "Geography studi this, good that is caus by nature or humankind, also studi resulting from that is caus from the difference that happen that. "
Knowledge that studi the surface of the earth in accordance with his reference, or the study about areas that is in the surface of the earth, in the understanding of his characteristics, defenisi other: science about places (places) that really concentrat himself in the quality and the potential of a country.
Trees or the fruit that are dominant in this territory, the example: the rambutan village, the island of bananas, the stiff island, etc., or the animal that is encounter or occupied, like the island of the goat, the island menjangan, the island of the dove, the island of birds,

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GEOGRAFI 1

Post by Arino Pangestu Saputra X- on Mon Aug 17, 2009 9:27 pm

Geography is a study of earth and its related properties like features, inhabitants, and phenomena. Eratosthenes was the first person brought geography in 276-194 B.C. There are different branches of geography: Physical geography, Regional geography, human Geography.and study of earth's features and distribution of life on earth is known as Geography. It is also the study of human life and human activity. In smaller words geography simply means "To Describe the Earth". Geographers have four different varying views on geography; spatial analysis of natural and human phenomena, on man and land relationships, area studies and the science of earth.
A person who studies geography is known as a geographer. Most of the time geographers have been tagged the same as cartography (people who just study the names of places). However almost most of the geographers are trained in the art of cartography and toponymy, although this is not their main occupation, they still learn it. Geography can be divided into two classes; Physical Geography and Human Geography.
Many famous geographers and non-geographers have attempted to define the discipline in a few short words. The concept of geography has also changed throughout the ages, making a definition for such a dynamic and all-encompassing subject difficult. With the help of Gregg Wassmansdorf, here are some ideas about geography from throughout the ages:
Physical Geography mainly concentrates on relations between diverse parts of the global system and on explaining that how things happen on the Earth's surface. For example, to comprehend the behaviour of a river and predict whether flooding or erosion might occur

Matur nuwun sanget.........

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by yudha 32 xd on Fri Aug 21, 2009 11:52 am

geography is almost in earth because many island,country,and archipelago.Geography also is the name of the title of the historic book in this subject, that is famous, the name of the element of geography, or is shorten “nama geografik” (geographical names) is mention “toponim”. literally significant “nama tempat” (place names). the name of the place must not be interpret by the name of the settlement (the name of the residence), but the name of the element of available geography in a place (the area), like the river, the hill, the mountain, the island, the cape, etc., these elements are known widely as the element “topografi” (the physical features ounce an the area of land, such the USA rivers, mountains, islands, a the USA, etc in oxford advances learner’s dictionary 2000). settling humankind the first time in a territory definitely gave the name to elements geografik
In his environment, the name is given is bas on what is seen by him, sepertidalah geographia the article klaudios ptolemaios (the second age).
Geography more than only a cartography, the study about the map, geography did not only answer what and where on the surface of the earth, but also why there and not in the other place, sometimes is interpret with the "location to space. " "Geography studi this, good that is caus by nature or humankind, also studi resulting from that is caus from the difference that happen that. "
Knowledge that studi the surface of the earth in accordance with his reference, or the study about areas that is in the surface of the earth, in the understanding of his characteristics, defenisi other: science about places (places) that really concentrat himself in the quality and the potential of a country.
T

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

Post by XD_Erlia Pratiwi on Sat Aug 22, 2009 1:42 pm

My answer about the question
A globe is the only geographical representation that has negligible distortion over large areas; all flat maps are created using a map projection that inevitably introduces an increasing amount distortion the larger the area that the map shows. A typical scale for a terrestrial globe is roughly 1:40 million.

Sometimes a globe has relief, showing topography; in the case of a globe of the Earth the elevations are exaggerated, otherwise they would be hardly visible. Most modern globes are also imprinted with parallels and meridians so that one can (if only approximately due to scale) tell the coordinates of a specific point on the surface of the planet.

History

The earliest known globe was constructed by the Greek scholar Crates of Mallus in Cilicia (now Çukurova in modern-day Turkey) around 150 BCE.[1] An ancient celestial globe that still exists was made about 150 CE as part of a sculpture, called the Farnese Atlas, in the Naples Museum, Naples, Italy.[2]

The first terrestrial globe of the Old World may have been constructed in the Muslim world during the Middle Ages, by Muslim geographers and astronomers working under the Abbasid caliph, Al-Ma'mun, in the 9th century.[3]

The oldest existing terrestrial globe is credited to Martin Behaim in Nürnberg, Germany, in 1492.[2] A facsimile globe showing America was made by Martin Waldseemueller in 1507. Another early globe, the Hunt-Lenox Globe, ca. 1507, is thought to be the source of the phrase "Here be dragons." Another "remarkably modern-looking" terrestrial globe of the Earth was constructed by Taqi al-Din at the Istanbul observatory of al-Din during the 1570s.[4]
sumber; google.com
Thanxz you miss yorsi................

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Re: pertemuan ke-1

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